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Mar 31 03 9:00 PM
Apr 1 03 12:42 AM
Apr 1 03 1:24 AM
Depression can be a chemical imbalance in some people, just as some other mental illness like schizophrenia or bipolar diseases can be caused
from improper balances of certain substances normally present in people who don't have such illnesses. Using medication for these people may be as
necessary as a diabetic needing insulin to treat what is basically a chemical imbalance causing a medical condition as opposed to mental illness.
It cannot be determined online by anyone whether an individual is in fact experiencing a normal adjustment period or an organic based
depression and so it is imperative that if the question is raised by an individual that he or she may be depressed that he or she gets attention from a person
in the real world who has more to go on that words written on a bulletin board. Nobody is qualified to make a definitive diagnosis of mental illness or any
diseases without getting more information both history wise and possibly physical measures only available by a physician who actually can test the
Apr 1 03 1:54 AM
There was a new depression/cessation study just released and this seems like a perfect opportunity to share the results. Having a bit of perspective on
how rare or common a condition actually is can sometimes in and of itself be reassuring. Although just 4% of participants in the below study experienced
the onset of major depression we each need to be alert to the possibility that 4% of our members may need medical help. It's not a large percentage
but a very real percentage for which treatment - not nicotine - is warranted!
Addictive Behaviors 2003 May-Jun;28(3):461-70
Onset of major depression during treatment for nicotine
Killen JD, Fortmann SP, Schatzberg A, Hayward C, Varady A.
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Stanford University School of Medicine, 1000 Welch Road, 94304, Palo Alto, CA, USA
We monitored the emergence of major depression (MDD) during treatment for nicotine dependence among 224 smokers.
MDD was assessed on three occasions during the course of treatment with the mood disorders portion of the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic
and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (SCID), fourth edition (DSM-IV).
Out of 224 participants, 20% had suffered a past episode of MDD, 18% of males and 22% of females. Four percent (n=10) experienced onset
of MDD during the course of the study, four males and six females. Only 2 of the 10 cases managed to achieve abstinence at end of treatment. Those who
reported large increases in depression symptoms between baseline and end of treatment (Week 10) were less likely to be abstinent at 26-week follow-up.
The evidence indicates that those who treat nicotine dependence must be prepared to monitor and respond to the emergence of depression associated with
PMID: 12628619 [PubMed - in process]
Apr 1 03 3:24 AM
Dec 22 03 12:38 AM
Dec 31 03 4:17 AM
Janet, only you know whether your holiday blues are historically seasonal or something more in need of treatment. If you see no joy in your day at 60 days
please get seen. Medicating depression with the world's most addictive insecticide is self-destructive in itself. If needed, there are scores of
non-addictive serotonin and dopamine manipulating medicines. With you in spirit. John
Sep 29 04 1:31 AM
I was glad to see this thread. My issue is related but not exactly covered here. I've been unable to locate other appropriate reading materials but
I'm sure other members in the long term smoker category can direct me.
Quitting was TOO EASY. So why didn't I do it before? Why didn't I have to SUFFER MORE after 39 years of putting my family through hell. I
am overwhelmed by GUILT. I know that Linda, Steve, Dina and others may have insights on how to cope with this. They've been there too. So, the question
is...Do you just send me off to the SHRINK or is there something I can read first? Karen
Sep 29 04 2:36 AM
Aug 29 06 10:56 PM
Aug 29 06 11:13 PM
Aug 29 06 11:14 PM
Feb 5 07 5:17 PM
While it may be true that the person offering the advice was just having a reaction to smoking cessation, it may not be true for the person writing now
as to his or her mental anguish. Giving the person the idea that it is automatically going to get better when the problem may not be simply from not
smoking may be doing the person a real disservice. It may prevent the individual from seeking the real professional help he or she may in fact need for
problems that were not in fact quit related.
As it says in the string How do I deal with....
A quit smoking site is not the place to solve major life traumas. A quit smoking site may be the best site to deal with smoking, depending on the site, and
there may be some other specialized sites that are helpful in dealing with other traumas too, but often people on an Internet sites may not have the best
training or understanding or be the best prepared for dealing with the specific problem at hand. You may find people who really want to help but who may
not in fact be the best people to deal with the problem you are facing.
If a member encounters real life tragedies they should seek help from professionals. Who would you call if your car breaks down? Would you call a friend
who has no particular knowledge of car repairs and whose own car is currently broken down too. This person cannot help you fix your car and cannot even at
this point in time offer you a ride. If your car breaks down you call a mechanic. If your computer suddenly dies you don't call a friend whose computer
also died and has not been able to get it going again. If your home plumbing explodes you don't get right on the Internet and waste time chatting on a
bulletin board about how bad everything smells without first calling a plumber to actually fix the problem. If your house all of sudden starts on fire you
don't go to the Internet and compare notes with others who may have lived through a fire experience--you call the fire department. If someone breaks
into your home while you are still there you don't go to the Internet to talk out your fears. You either call the police or try to escape from your
home. If you are experiencing sudden chest pains or maybe all of a sudden lose vision in one eye you shouldn't spend time looking up symptoms on the
Internet or chatting with others who may have had a similar experience at one time, you call for paramedics.
If something emotionally big is happening in your life and you find yourself spinning out or control you need to seek professional help too. It may mean
calling your doctor, a professionally sanctioned crisis hotline in your town who can offer real live support, going to a local emergency room, calling 911
or what ever emergency number is set up in your area by local authorities, depending on the severity of the problem and how fast you can get action.
This list could have gone on but hopefully everyone gets the point here. If you ever find yourself in a medical or psychological crisis seek
professional assistance, meaning, seek a professional in the arena of the specific problem you are encountering.
Again, depending on the problem you are facing there are professionals who can help. There are professional mechanics, plumbers, firemen, police,
paramedics, crisis counselors, psychologists and physicians. Deal with emergencies head on when they occur. At the same time stay focused on the fact that
whatever the problem, taking a cigarette will not help it.
Once you have dealt with the crisis, and your full attention is not needed to get out of the immediate danger, then is the time to come to a quit
smoking site and reinforce your resolve to stay smoke free, either by reading or maybe even posting. Hopefully if you come back in to post, the essence of
the post will be saying how you have proved to yourself once again that even under the most extreme of circumstances that you are able to stay smoke free
by just sticking to your commitment that no matter what else is going on around you that you still know to never take another puff!
Apr 8 08 11:28 PM
Nov 8 08 5:09 PM
This site is not meant to replace the advice of any physician. Do not
rely upon any information that you read here at Freedom (or that you obtain through posts, email or links) to replace consultations or advice received by
qualified health professionals regarding your own specific situation. The information provided here at Freedom is intended as smoking
cessation educational materials only and it should NEVER be construed as medical advice.
If you have
any question in your mind regarding any lingering health concern, including depression or mental health,
IMMEDIATELY seek medical assistance. If you are not satisfied with the advice being rendered by a
physician, you always have the right to obtain another medical opinion. We are not physicians or doctors here at Freedom. We are students and teachers of
It is also important for you to understand that as a smoking cessation forum Freedom is
staffed entirely by cessation educators who are not physicians, pharmacists or dietitians. Further, Freedom's Rules prohibit any member from rendering
any medical advice to other members, from giving medication or herbal advice or recommendations, or from giving dieting or exercise advice or
recommendations, other than the advice to seek the assistance of trained and qualified health care professionals.
There are organizations and individuals whose sites have disclaimers such as this to
simply protect themselves legally. We have this policy because we believe it's right for every individual reading here. We do all we can to make sure
that any information or concepts acquired here do not pose medical risks to readers.
When it comes to the treatment or management of any medical condition we sincerely
believe that it is best for every person to deal with a qualified medical professional in their real world. The materials, concepts and information shared
here allow readers to improve their health, and likely extend the productive years of their lives, by simply making and sticking to a personal commitment to
Never Take Another Puff, Dip, or Chew.
Jun 3 10 8:22 AM
Research on the comorbidity between cigarette smoking and major depression has not elucidated the pathways by which smoking is associated with depression.
To examine the causal relationships between smoking and depression via fixed-effects regression and structural equation modelling.
Data were gathered on nicotine-dependence symptoms and depressive symptoms in early adulthood using a birth cohort of over 1000 individuals.
Adjustment for confounding factors revealed persistent significant associations between nicotine-dependence symptoms and depressive symptoms. Structural equation modelling suggested that the best-fitting causal model was one in which nicotine dependence led to increased risk of depression. The findings suggest that the comorbidity between smoking and depression arises from two routes; the first involving common or correlated risk factors and the second a direct path in which smoking increases the risk of depression.
This evidence is consistent with the conclusion that there is a cause and effect relationship between smoking and depression in which cigarette smoking increases the risk of symptoms of depression. http://bjp.rcpsych.org/cg...ntent/abstract/196/6/440
4:00 AM Wednesday Jun 2, 2010
Smoking may cause an increased risk of depression, according to a New Zealand study which has followed 1200 people since they were born in 1977.
Smoking and major depression have long been known to be linked.
But which is the primary cause has been unclear, and it is possible that they reinforce each other.
Studies have suggested that some people who have depression smoke as a form of self-medication.
Researchers from Otago University at Christchurch, led by Professor David Ferguson, analysed data collected when participants in their study were in the late teens to mid-20s.
They concluded it is probably smoking that increases the risk of suffering symptoms of major depression, rather than the reverse.
They found that at the age of:
* 18 years - 14 per cent of the study participants were addicted to nicotine and 18 per cent had serious depression.
* 21 years - 25 per cent were addicted and 18 per cent had depression.
* 25 years - 23 per cent were addicted and 14 per cent had depression.
"Overall, those reporting at least five symptoms of nicotine dependence had rates of depressive symptoms that were 2.13 times those of individuals who reported no symptoms of nicotine dependence," says the researchers' paper.
The findings were published yesterday in the British Journal of Psychiatry.
The paper says statistical calculations suggested the cause-and-effect link was one-way, from nicotine addiction to depression.
They found no evidence of a link in the reverse direction, from depression to smoking.
"The reasons for this relationship are not clear," said Professor Ferguson. "However, it's possible that nicotine causes changes to neurotransmitter activity in the brain, leading to an increased risk of depression."
Smoking is linked to an increased risk of: * Cancer * Heart disease * Stroke * Impotence * Probably severe depression
Apr 24 13 8:39 AM
Quitting smoking can significantly improve people’s mental health, according to research, which has uncovered a series of important findings.
Quit Victoria Executive Director Fiona Sharkie said the perception that people with depression can’t or don’t want to quit is wrong.
“With the right support, not only can people with depression quit, but their depression often improves,” she said. “We know that people often smoke to ease stress or boost their mood, but the opposite is actually true. Research has shown quitting smoking eases depressive symptoms and those effects can last for as long as the smoker stays off the cigarettes.”
The research findings include:
- Smokers are more than twice as likely to report that they regularly feel depressed when compared to ex-smokers who gave up six months earlier.
- Many people with depression quit successfully, but overall are a third less likely to do so than people who aren’t depressed.
beyondblue CEO Kate Carnell said the research has been used to create the free booklet that is aimed at people with depression who want to quit. Ms Carnell said that, despite seeming hard, quitting is the best thing smokers can do for their health.
“We’ve always known the physical benefits of giving up, but this study shows the impact that quitting smoking can also have on people’s moods,” she said. “This study shows that while 37% of smokers say they recently had a prolonged period of feeling down, this number is more than halved to 16% among those who quit six months ago. The figure is 34% for those who try to quit but fail within the first six months, suggesting that even quitting temporarily has some mental health benefits.
“This book advises people with depression that they are capable of giving up cigarettes – just like people who aren’t depressed. It gives information about why they smoke, how to make a plan to quit and strategies they can use to quit once and for all. I urge anyone with depression who smokes to order a copy of the booklet and read it.”
The research was conducted by Dr Catherine Segan from The University of Melbourne’s School of Population and Global Health. For a six-month period, it tracked more than 800 people who contacted Quitline for advice on how to quit, including a quarter with depression.
The research found while people with depression found it more challenging to quit than other people, many were still successful, with one-third having quit successfully six months after first contacting Quitline. This compared with about half of other participants in the research who weren’t depressed.
On the down side, the research also found that 18% of participants with depression reported a significant increase in depression symptoms within two months of quitting compared with 5% of people who had never been depressed. However half of those who had an increase in depression symptoms said they believed it was unrelated to the quit attempt. The research was also unable to draw a direct link between any increase in depressive symptoms and quitting.
Ms Carnell said the findings are a reminder that people with depression who try to quit should do so in consultation with their doctor.
“We know from the research that a third of people with depression have quit successfully six months after first contacting Quitline,” she said. “Quitting can be a challenge for someone with depression, but as this research shows, it can be done.”Source link: http://www.beyondblue.org.au/media/media-releases/media-releases/research-shows-quitting-smoking-often-helps-depressionCopyright 2013 BeyondBlue
Jun 13 13 7:49 PM
Feb 28 14 12:13 PM
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